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Babinda Hotel

  • 602189
  • 65-85 Munro Street, Babinda

General

Also known as
Former Babinda State Hotel
Classification
State Heritage
Register status
Entered
Date entered
22 February 2002
Type
Retail, wholesale, services: Hotel/inn
Themes
3.8 Developing secondary and tertiary industries: Marketing, retailing and service industries
3.11 Developing secondary and tertiary industries: Lodging people
7.2 Maintaining order: Government and public administration
Architect
Queensland Department of Public Works
Builder
Day labour
Construction period
1916–1917, Babinda Hotel (1916 - 1917)
Historical period
1914–1919 World War I

Location

Address
65-85 Munro Street, Babinda
LGA
Cairns Regional Council
Coordinates
-17.34453318, 145.92245782

Map

Street view

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Significance

Criterion AThe place is important in demonstrating the evolution or pattern of Queensland’s history.

The Babinda Hotel, formerly known as the Babinda State Hotel, was erected in the town of Babinda in 1917 and demonstrates important aspects of Queensland's political and economic history of the early twentieth century. As an early building in the town of Babinda, the hotel also provides evidence of the history of Babinda as a sugar growing settlement in far north Queensland.

The hotel provides physical evidence of a period in the history of the state of Queensland, which saw the Labor Government establish a series of state-run businesses to compete with private enterprise.

Criterion BThe place demonstrates rare, uncommon or endangered aspects of Queensland’s cultural heritage.

The State Hotel was the only hotel constructed and operated by the Queensland Government (one of only two known "state" hotels in the country) as part of the Labor Government's State Enterprises Scheme, which ran from 1915 until 1929.

Criterion DThe place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a particular class of cultural places.

The form of the State Hotel, and the facilities provided, demonstrate the characteristics of a country hotel from the early twentieth century.

History

The Queensland Government constructed the Babinda State Hotel in the town of Babinda between 1916 and 1917. It was the only Hotel at the time constructed and operated by the Queensland Government under the Labor Government's State Enterprises scheme.

The town of Babinda was first established in circa 1912. The township's first entry in Pugh's Almanac describes Babinda as a small township of 100 people on Mulgrave Railway, in a district mainly devoted to sugar-growing, distant 30 miles from Cairns. Between 1914 and 1915 the population of Babinda rose rapidly due to the construction of the Babinda Central Sugar Mill. The town was surveyed for future development in 1915, and private owners bought allotments and began to build homes and businesses. Gradually government facilities were established to serve the local community including a post office, courthouse, police station and state school.

From 1915 the Labor Government, led by TJ Ryan and encouraged by wartime restrictions, food shortages and the consequent high prices, established a series of state-run businesses to compete with private sector business. The idea of state enterprises was not new. During the 19th century governments had operated railways and post offices as monopolies, but the general public accepted these as legitimate areas of government. The new state enterprises were distinctly different and designed to directly compete with private enterprise in order to provide the basic necessities at reasonable prices. The first foray into state enterprises was the establishment of the state butchers shops in 1915. This was followed by the establishment of state pastoral stations, fish supply shops, saw mills, produce agencies, cold stores and mines. Despite the good intentions of the government, the state enterprises lost money except for their one success story, the State Hotel at Babinda.

The construction of a State Hotel at Babinda was linked to the repercussions of the Sugar Works Act of 1911. Under this Act the sale of intoxicating liquor was prohibited in sugar growing areas and the two existing hotel licences in the town were revoked and the owners compensated. This left the town with a definite lack of accommodation in the area and it was muted that the lack of quality accommodation in the town would discourage "the better class of labour" from seeking employment at the sugar refinery. To address this problem the State Government built the first and only state owned and run hotel in Queensland. As it was run by the government, the hotel was also permitted to sell alcohol.

Designed by architects in the Department of Public Works and built by day labour, the hotel opened its doors to guests in May 1917. The hotel was a two storied modern structure of concrete and wood with a corrugated iron roof. It had 58 bedrooms - 24 in the First Class Section and 34 in the Second Class Section and was "splendidly furnished throughout", with reputedly one of the largest bars of any hotel in Queensland. The new State Hotel was designed as a showpiece, and was to be the social centre of Babinda, as well as a major physical landmark in the town. It was the entertainment venue for important visitors and Prime Ministers Hughes and Bruce were both greeted at civic receptions in the hotel.

Initially the hotel was operated by the Home Department and with a Manager appointed and paid by the Department. Following the passing of the State Enterprises Act of 1918 the management of the hotel was transferred to State Enterprises, which were administered by the State Trade Office - a part of the Department of Labour and Industry.

Unlike nearly all other State Enterprises, the State Hotel actually made money. In 1929 its turnover in the bar was more that 300 pounds a week and that of the house was almost 200 pounds a week. However, with the onset of the economic depression from 1929 and the massive losses other state enterprises were experiencing, the newly elected Country Party Government in Queensland was intent on selling off all state enterprises.

Sale of the Hotel was announced in Parliament in September 1929 with the reading of a special bill The Babinda State Hotel Sale Act of 1929. To entice buyers the government offered a monopoly on hotel trade in the town at least until 1935. It was also a condition of the sale that the purchaser make an application to the licensing court for the deletion of the word 'State' from the name of the hotel. Babinda residents opposed the decision to sell the hotel and urged the government to grant additional liquor licences in the area. The Labor party also expressed concern that a syndicate of Italians might buy the hotel, with the leader of the ALP William Forgan-Smith suggesting that action had to be taken to safeguard the rights of Britishers. Despite this opposition the sale of the hotel went ahead as planned.

Comprising of the two storey hotel buildings, including accommodation wings and staff quarters, modern furnishings, plant equipment, sample rooms, shop front and garage, the property was put to auction in March 1930. Only four bids were received for the hotel, the highest bid coming from a Mr J.A. O'Hagan of Brisbane. John O'Hagan, licensed victualler and former licensee of Lennons Hotel and the Hotel Daniel, continued his negotiations with the Government and eventually bought the hotel for 50,000 pounds, payable in instalments without interest. Upon the sale the hotel was re-named the Babinda Hotel.

O'Hagan continued the grand tradition of the hotel up until the Second World War, when business declined and he sold the hotel in 1941. Since that period the hotel has had a succession of owners but has continued to operate as a hotel with accommodation facilities. The hotel has undergone few alterations over the years with the exception of the removal of the second-class accommodation wing and other outbuildings in 1970. It still remains the only hotel in the town of Babinda and dominates the commercial centre of Babinda.

Babinda Town Study report 2000 - The hotel was built by the Ryan Labor government in 1917 as Queensland's only State Hotel, to control the sale of alcohol which was otherwise prohibited within the

Babinda Sugar Works Area. The new State Hotel survived the 1918 cyclone with only minor damage. It operated as a grand hotel, and was the entertainment venue for important visitors to Babinda for many years. Prime Ministers Hughes and Bruce were both greeted at civic receptions in the hotel. There was also a large second class accommodation wing for itinerant workers. In 1930 the Moore Nationalist government sold most of the State Enterprises including the State Hotel. It was bought by

John O'Hagan, who was lessee of Lennons and the Hotel Daniel in Brisbane, he continued the grand tradition until the Second World War, when business declined and he sold the hotel in 1941. It has had a succession of owners since. The second class accommodation wing was demolished in 1970.

Description

The Babinda Hotel is located on Munro Street, Babinda and occupies a prominent position in the town's main street.

The Hotel is a two-storey building, constructed of timber and roofed with corrugated iron sheeting. The front façade of the building features open verandahs with a series of single and double timber posts.

A gabled pediment in the centre of the building with a timber infill defines the entrance to the hotel. Twin timber doors, surrounded by lead lighted windows inscribed with the BSH insignia, provide access to the hotel. On either side of the entrance are a number of casement windows

The ground floor of the hotel consists of two bars (main bar and western bar), dining room, kitchen, gambling room, games room, gym, cellar/storeroom and private office. The second floor consists of a public accommodation wing that opens onto a wide verandah overlooking Munro Street as well as a private residence and an internal verandah that overlooks the games room.

The accommodation wing on the second floor features a number of ornate timber archways in the hallway and double French doors that open onto the verandah.

The main bar on the ground floor features steel beams that run across the ceiling that once transported kegs from the storeroom to the bar. The western bar (originally the private bar) features a silky oak archway and balustrade that defines the entrance of the bar and servery. The lower part of the walls of the main entrance and western bar are also silky oak.

To the rear of the hotel there is a concrete slab that defines the old stable floors.

Babinda Town Study report 2000 - Two storey symmetrical building with hipped transverse corrugated steel roof at front, transverse gable at rear, central gable over street entrance. Raised on timber stumps, low at front, higher at rear because of fall of ground. Front wall at street level is concrete, rest of building is timber framed, with vertical tongue & groove boards. Imposing facade with open verandahs in Federation style. Original details such as verandah balustrades, posts and brackets, leadlight around doorway, office window, timber panelling and stairway are intact. The ornate roof ventilator was removed in the 1980s.

Image gallery

Location

Location of Babinda Hotel within Queensland
Licence
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Last updated
20 January 2016
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