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Broadway Hotel

  • 600354
  • 93 Logan Road, Woolloongabba

General

Classification
State Heritage
Register status
Entered
Date entered
21 October 1992
Type
Retail, wholesale, services: Hotel/inn
Themes
3.1 Developing secondary and tertiary industries: Feeding Queenslanders
3.11 Developing secondary and tertiary industries: Lodging people
Architects
Hall, John & Son
Murdoch, John Smith
Builder
Wooley & Whyte
Construction periods
1889–1890, Hotel
1942, Air Raid Shelter (c1942)
1986–1988, Pavilion (c1988)
Historical period
1870s–1890s Late 19th century
Style
Eclectic

Location

Address
93 Logan Road, Woolloongabba
LGA
Brisbane City Council
Coordinates
-27.48995039, 153.03836923

Map

Street view

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Significance

Criterion AThe place is important in demonstrating the evolution or pattern of Queensland’s history.

The Broadway Hotel is important in demonstrating the evolution and pattern of Queensland's history, providing evidence of:

1. the pattern of 1880s boom era confidence which lead to a massive building boom throughout Queensland, and most pronouncedly in Brisbane;

2. the evolution of the Woolloongabba-East Brisbane area in response to the growth of the tramway system;

Criterion DThe place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a particular class of cultural places.

The Broadway Hotel is important in illustrating the principal characteristics of a large, masonry, 1880s hotel in Brisbane, designed both as a local landmark to attract regular local custom, and as superior accommodation to attract country/family visitors. It remains substantially intact, and is a good illustration of its type in both design and function.

Criterion EThe place is important because of its aesthetic significance.

The Broadway Hotel is a well composed building which makes a strong contribution to the Woolloongabba townscape and to the streetscape along that part of Logan Road. It occupies a prominent position on Logan Road and is a local landmark.

Criterion GThe place has a strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group for social, cultural or spiritual reasons.

(Criterion under review)

Criterion HThe place has a special association with the life or work of a particular person, group or organisation of importance in Queensland’s history.

The Broadway Hotel has a special association with the work of prominent Brisbane architects John Hall & Son, and in particular with architect John Smith Murdoch of that firm, to whom the design is attributed.

History

The Broadway Hotel was built in 1889-90 for Brisbane publican Michael McKenna, formerly of the nearby Woolloongabba Hotel. The Brisbane architectural firm John Hall & Son executed the design and the builders were Wooley & Whyte, who won the contract with a tender price of £4,820. Tenders were called in July and August 1889, and McKenna was advertising for custom by mid-October 1890.

John Hall & Son were an established Brisbane architectural practice, whose late 1880s Brisbane hotels included the Oriental Hotel, corner of Albert and Mary Streets (1885-86), the Pineapple Hotel, Main Street, Kangaroo Point (1886-87), the Brisbane Bridge Hotel, Stanley Street, South Brisbane (1886-87), the Treasury Hotel, corner of George and Elizabeth Streets (1887-88), the Junction Hotel, corner of Logan and Cleveland Roads, Stones Corner (1887-88), Graham's Hotel, Stanley Street, South Brisbane (1887-88), the Edinburgh Castle Hotel, Gympie Road, Kedron (1888), the Broadway Hotel, corner of Logan Road and Balaclava (Short) Street, Woolloongabba (1889-90) and Burke's Hotel at the intersection of Annerley and Stephens Roads, South Brisbane (1889-90). In 1890 they were also the successful competition winners for the South Brisbane Municipal Chambers. Architect John Smith Murdoch, Chief Architect of the Commonwealth 1926-30, worked in John Hall & Son's office from the late 1880s to 1893, and according to architect JVD Coutts, was responsible for the design of the South Brisbane Municipal Chambers and the Broadway and Burke's hotels.

The site at the corner of Logan Road and Balaclava (Short) Street had been transferred to McKenna in January 1889. The location was a prominent one, close to the intersection of Wellington and Logan roads, the latter being a major Brisbane arterial road. In the second half of the 1880s, the East Brisbane-Woolloongabba-Buranda-Stones Corner-Coorparoo areas experienced a population and housing boom, largely associated with the expansion of Brisbane's railway and tramway systems. The first section of the tramway along Logan Road extended to Maynard Street, Buranda and opened in 1887. The new Broadway Hotel, located prominently to take advantage of the increased traffic flow between Brisbane and the eastern suburbs, was an imposing structure designed to attract attention, and rapidly became a well-known local landmark.

The substantial three-storeyed hotel was designed to cater for country visitors as well. When opened in 1890, the attendant advertising in The Southern World of 22 October emphasised the proximity of the new hotel to the Woolloongabba fiveways, and that country visitors would be well catered for with superior accommodation. This included single and double bedrooms, bathrooms, and drawing rooms, with luxurious and comfortable appointments throughout. The hotel offered Extensive and Superior Stabling and trams and buses passed the hotel every five minutes.

McKenna remained the proprietor and licensee until 1903, when he leased the hotel to a succession of licensees. In 1917 he sold the property to the Castlemaine Brewery of Quinlan Gray & Co. From 1949 until the early 1980s the licensees were Ron and Ivy Hogarth. In the mid-1980s the hotel was bought by Quetel Pty Ltd and in 1987 was leased to Pub Revive Pty Ltd who undertook a program of refurbishment.

Description

The Broadway Hotel is a substantial three storeyed brick building, occupying a prominent corner site with principal facades on Logan Road and Balaclava Street, Woolloongabba.

The building is an elaborate example of late Victorian architecture in Brisbane, influenced by the eclecticism of the "Queen Anne" movement, popularised by English architect, Richard Norman Shaw in the 1880s. It was designed in the tradition of substantial English corner pubs, gaining patronage by attracting the attention of passing trade, using elaborate architectural forms and detailing as advertisement for the business.

When constructed, the Broadway Hotel was of face brick with terracotta and polychrome brick detailing, much like the work of Norman Shaw, particularly his New Scotland Yard (1887-90), and the Tottenham and Rising Sun pubs in London.

The building is asymmetrically arranged, with a principal corner entrance, emphasised by an octagonal tower surmounted by a spire projecting above the roof line of the building. The tower is expressed on the ground floor by an arched entrance portico. The first floor is pierced with square headed arched door openings with terracotta keystones integrated into a continuous decorative moulding; and on the second floor by round headed arched openings bounding an open octagonal seating area.

The rolled zinc mansard roof is partially concealed by a series of Dutch gables, correlating to the bays of windows on the body of the building. Two brick chimney stacks with terracotta corbelling project from the roof.

The north facade, which addresses Logan Road, features a principal central bay formed by a pedimentted gable above a wide arched opening with Italianate balustrade, forming a small porch on the second floor and three round headed arched windows on the first floor. This is flanked by two subsidiary bays with gables surmounted by smaller segmental pediments on moulded pilasters at the second floor level and classically derived aedicule window openings below. The ground floor of these subsidiary bays features a tripartite window arrangement of a large central opening flanked by narrower openings with rounded corners.

The Balaclava Street facade, features two vertical bays, defined by similar pedimented gables to those found on the Logan Road facade. Two doorways are found at street level, accessing what were originally the various bars of the hotel. Extending southward from the main body of the building is a one storeyed rendered brick extension.

The Broadway Hotel has a ground floor wherein the bars and public rooms would have been situated, and two floors above where accommodation, sitting rooms and bathroom facilities were provided. The walls and ceilings throughout the interior are plastered and the floors are generally timber.

The public bar area, now one large room on the principal corner of the building, features a timber bar in the corner opposite the entrance. The walls are lined with timber panelling to two metres, braced and edged with timber mouldings. High quality timber joinery surrounds the windows and doors in the bar. The remaining ground floor areas are substantially altered from original form.

The building has a dog leg stair, rising from a ground floor hall off the Logan Road entrance, in which a plaster archway supported on reeded piers separates the stair well from the entrance. The stair features turned and moulded newels, surmounted by globular finials, and turned balusters.

The upper floors retain their early layout, with rooms accessed from wide corridors, of timber floors and plaster ceilings, featuring elaborate cornices, ceiling roses and plaster archways. The rooms are generally larger, with better fittings on the second floor, and more rudimentary accommodation provided on the first. A large second floor room on the principal corner of the building, accessing the small balcony in the tower, features an ebonised and marbellised timber fireplace, with iron register grate intact. Bathrooms throughout the interior have been modernised.

Interior joinery throughout the first and second floor remains intact and of high quality, although now heavily painted. Most internal doors are four panelled, with operable transom windows above, occasionally arched. Half glazed french doors open onto the verandahs from internal rooms.

Attached by a walkway to the south elevation of the building is an open elevated pavilion, bound on three sides by round headed arched arcades of three bays each. The rear north wall of the pavilion has two large rectangular openings. This structure is of substantial rendered brick construction, with stringcourses and detailing around the arches, and a corrugated iron hipped roof.

In the south corner of the site is a small one storeyed reinforced concrete building, with two entrances of simple timber doors with openings above. The concrete is impressed with the pattern of timber formwork, and has curved corners near the doorways. The building has parapeted facades and a flat skillion roof. It is thought that this may be an air raid shelter.

An alfresco dining area has been created by enclosing the Logan Road footpath with lattice panelling. A drive in bottle shop has been inserted in the west elevation of the building.

Image gallery

Location

Location of Broadway Hotel within Queensland
Licence
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Last updated
20 January 2016
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